MP Elites Consulting LLC

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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

Our FAQs for an In-Depth Exploration


What Are the Common Types of Adjusting Entries?

The most frequently encountered categories of adjusting entries in financial accounting are as follows:

  • Prepaid Expenses: Also known as deferred expenses, these are costs that have been paid in advance and recorded as assets on the company’s balance sheet, prior to their actual utilization.
  • Accrued Expenses: Alternatively termed accrued liabilities, these are expenses that have been incurred by the company but have not yet been paid or recorded in the financial statements.
  • Unearned Revenues: Also referred to as deferred revenues, these are amounts received in advance and recorded as liabilities on the company’s balance sheet, pending their recognition as earned revenue.
  • Accrued Revenues: Known as accrued assets, these are revenues that have been earned by the company but have not yet been received in cash or recorded in the financial statements.

Each of these adjusting entries plays a critical role in ensuring that financial statements present an accurate and comprehensive view of a company’s financial position.

Can a Purchase Be Categorized as Capital Rather Than an Expense?

A purchase may be classified as a capital investment rather than an operational expense if it offers long-term utility to the organization beyond a single financial reporting period. Capital expenditures encompass a variety of asset classes, including but not limited to:

  • Computer Hardware
  • Office Infrastructure
  • Real Estate Properties
  • Furniture and Fixtures
  • Land Acquisitions
  • Intangible Assets (e.g., patents, trademarks)
  • Software Licenses
  • Industrial Machinery
  • Company Vehicles

These capital investments provide sustained value and are typically subject to depreciation or amortization over their useful lifespan.

What is the Role of a Bookkeeper in a Small Business?

The responsibilities of a bookkeeper in a small to medium-sized business can vary based on the specific nature and needs of the organization. In a small business context, the bookkeeper’s role is often comprehensive, encompassing the complete management of financial transactions and documentation. The professional is tasked with accurately recording all financial activities in the general ledger accounts. In addition to this, a bookkeeper may perform the following functions:

  • Cash Management: Oversee the flow of cash, ensuring liquidity and optimal utilization of funds.
  • Payroll Administration: Execute payroll functions, including the disbursement of salaries, computation of deductions, and adherence to tax obligations.
  • Vendor Invoice Processing: Manage and process invoices from suppliers, ensuring timely payments and accurate record-keeping.
  • Accounts Receivable Management: Generate invoices, track outstanding payments, and pursue receivables to ensure prompt collection.
  • Account Reconciliation: Regularly reconcile account balances, verifying the accuracy of transactions against financial statements.
  • Adjusting Entries: Prepare and process necessary adjustments to ledger accounts for accruals, deferrals, and other financial transactions to reflect an accurate financial position.

Overall, a bookkeeper serves as an essential component of a small business’s financial management team, playing a crucial role in maintaining the accuracy and integrity of its accounting records.

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When Was VAT Implemented in the UAE and What Are the Applicable Rates?

The Value-Added Tax (VAT) was officially introduced in the United Arab Emirates on January 1, 2018. The standard rate of VAT is set at 5% and is added to the sale price of most goods and services.

How Does the Government Collect VAT?

Businesses bear the responsibility of meticulously recording their revenue, expenses, and the corresponding VAT charges. Registered entities apply the current standard VAT rate of 5% to the transactions with their customers. This is done to offset the VAT incurred on goods and services procured from suppliers. The net difference between the VAT collected from customers and the VAT paid to suppliers is either remitted to the government or reclaimed, as applicable.

Is VAT Applicable to All Products and Services?

VAT is a consumption-based tax, and as such, it is generally applied to a broad range of transactions involving goods and services. However, there are specific exceptions where the tax is either reduced or exempt, as stipulated by UAE law.

Who is Eligible for VAT Registration in the UAE?

Businesses in the UAE with taxable supplies exceeding AED 375,000 are mandated to register for Value Added Tax (VAT). Additionally, companies with taxable supplies valued between AED 187,500 and AED 375,000 may choose to voluntarily register for VAT. This provision has been designed to support start-up enterprises that wish to register for VAT even before they have generated revenue.

VAT-Related Responsibilities for Businesses

Businesses operating in the UAE are obligated to maintain accurate and up-to-date financial records. Mandatory VAT registration is required for those companies that meet the minimum annual income threshold, as established by their financial documentation. Companies classified as “VAT-registered” are required to preserve their financial records for potential future scrutiny. Key responsibilities for VAT-registered businesses include:

  • Collecting VAT on taxable goods and services rendered;
  • Reclaiming VAT paid on business-related goods or services; and,
  • Maintaining comprehensive records for government review to validate the accuracy of VAT calculations.

Companies registered for VAT are expected to report regularly to the appropriate governmental agencies regarding the VAT amounts collected and remitted. This reporting is conducted online to facilitate efficient submission. Discrepancies in VAT amounts charged and paid must be reconciled with the relevant government department.

Preparing Your Business for VAT Compliance

The implementation of VAT in the UAE commenced on January 1, 2018. Businesses were given the opportunity to prepare in advance as online registration was available in the third quarter of 2017. Companies had to adapt their business models to align with the government’s VAT collection platform. Full compliance may necessitate internal restructuring within accounting, IT, and HR departments, including the hiring of tax advisors and accountants. Comprehensive guidelines for VAT compliance were made available upon the release of the relevant legislation.

VAT Registration Timeline

VAT became effective on January 1, 2018. All applicable businesses should have registered before this date. Online registration was available from the third quarter of 2017, enabling companies to prepare for VAT compliance obligations well in advance.

VAT Return Filing Requirements

As per VAT legislative requirements, registered businesses are obliged to file VAT returns with the Federal Tax Authority on a quarterly basis. These filings must be completed within 28 days following the close of the taxation period and can be submitted online via UAE government e-Services.

Record-Keeping Requirements for VAT Invoices

Businesses are required to retain both issued and received VAT invoices for a minimum of five years.

Offsetting Customs Duty Against VAT Payments

VAT is calculated in addition to the value that already includes any paid customs duties. Therefore, VAT cannot be offset against customs duties.

VAT Applicability in the Real Estate Sector

VAT is applicable solely to commercial properties in the real estate sector. Both sales and leases of commercial properties are subject to a 5% VAT. Residential properties are currently exempt from VAT to mitigate additional costs for buyers.

Sectors Subject to Zero-Rated VAT

The following categories are subject to a 0% VAT rate:

  • Exports to markets outside the GCC region;
  • International transportation and associated goods and services;
  • Aircraft, ships, and other modes of transportation;
  • Investment-grade precious metals;
  • Newly constructed residential properties for the first three years;
  • Education and associated services; and,
  • Healthcare and associated services.

Sectors Exempt from VAT

The sectors that are exempt from VAT include:

  • Financial services specified in VAT legislation;
  • Residential properties;
  • Bare land; and,
  • Local passenger transport.

Penalties for Noncompliance

Penalties may be levied for:

  • Failure to register for VAT when mandated;
  • Omission of VAT return or late payment;
  • Failure to maintain required records; and,
  • Tax evasion or other intentional noncompliance with tax legislation.

VAT on Financial Services

Fee-based financial services are subject to VAT, with the exception of margin-based products.

VAT Applicability to Tourists

Tourists are required to pay a 5% VAT at the point of sale on products such as perfumes, makeup, luxury bags, and other high-value items, in addition to the sale price.

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What Services Do VAT Consultants in the UAE Offer?

VAT consultants in the UAE specialize in offering comprehensive solutions for VAT-related matters to businesses, facilitating a streamlined approach to VAT preparation, registration, and implementation. Additionally, these consultants oversee the management of VAT returns and refunds, while optimizing the client’s VAT liabilities in accordance with the prevailing VAT regulations and standards.

Why Is Hiring a VAT Consultant Crucial for Your Business?

Engaging the services of a VAT consultant is pivotal for maintaining full compliance with VAT regulations and standards. These specialists not only manage your VAT return filings and refund processes but also safeguard your business from the repercussions of noncompliance, which could result in substantial financial penalties.

How Can Businesses Claim a VAT Refund in the UAE?

Businesses seeking to claim VAT refunds in the UAE can do so by submitting a dedicated VAT refund application form via the Federal Tax Authority’s online portal.

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VAT Exemptions in the UAE

Certain sectors and categories of goods and services in the United Arab Emirates are exempt from Value Added Tax (VAT). These exemptions include healthcare and educational services, specific financial services, and the sale or leasing of residential properties not intended for commercial utilization.

Standard VAT Rate in the UAE

The prevailing standard rate for Value Added Tax in the United Arab Emirates is set at 5%.

VAT Obligations for Consumers and Businesses

In the United Arab Emirates, the end consumer is ultimately responsible for paying VAT on goods and services. However, the onus for collecting this tax falls on businesses, who must then remit the collected amounts to the government.

Mandatory VAT Registration in the UAE

VAT registration is obligatory for businesses operating within the United Arab Emirates, provided they meet certain revenue thresholds as specified by the government.

Required Documentation for VAT Registration

To register for VAT in the United Arab Emirates, businesses are required to furnish several documents. These include a copy of the trade license, passport copies of both the business owner and authorized signatories, as well as financial statements for the preceding 12 months.

Eligibility for VAT Registration

Businesses that generate an annual turnover exceeding AED 375,000 are mandated to register for VAT in the United Arab Emirates. Conversely, businesses with an annual turnover ranging between AED 187,500 and AED 375,000 have the option to register for VAT on a voluntary basis.

Minimum Turnover for VAT Registration

The threshold for mandatory VAT registration in the United Arab Emirates is an annual turnover of AED 375,000.

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How to Deregister from VAT in the United Arab Emirates?

Companies in the United Arab Emirates can formally discontinue their VAT registration by submitting a deregistration application through the Federal Tax Authority’s (FTA) online portal.

Eligibility Criteria for VAT Deregistration in the UAE

A business is eligible for VAT deregistration in the United Arab Emirates under two primary conditions: either it no longer fulfills the criteria for mandatory VAT registration, or it has ceased its operations altogether.

What Does VAT Deregistration in the UAE Entail?

VAT deregistration in the United Arab Emirates signifies the formal process through which a business entity is removed from the official VAT register, effectively terminating its obligation to charge and remit VAT.

Penalties for Non-compliance with VAT Deregistration in the UAE

While there are no penalties for completing the VAT deregistration within the period outlined by UAE VAT legislation, failure to submit a deregistration application within this designated timeframe will result in a penalty. Specifically, the registrant will incur a fine of 1,000 AED for each month of delay, accumulating up to a maximum penalty of 10,000 AED.

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How Do Tax Consultants Assist in Corporate Tax Preparation in the UAE?

Tax consultants serve a critical role in guiding businesses through the intricacies of preparing and submitting their corporate tax returns in the United Arab Emirates. Possessing comprehensive expertise in UAE tax laws and regulations, these professionals offer invaluable counsel on lawful tax minimization strategies. They aid enterprises in pinpointing tax deductions, accurately calculating taxable income, and punctually filing tax returns. Furthermore, they can act as intermediaries between businesses and tax authorities for matters such as audits and investigations.

Criteria for Selecting a Proficient and Trustworthy Tax Consultant in Dubai

Finding a competent and trustworthy tax consultant in Dubai can pose a challenge, given the plethora of options at your disposal. When selecting the ideal consultant for your business, factors such as experience, credentials, reputation, and fee structure should weigh into your decision. Seek a consultant with a robust background in the UAE’s taxation system and a demonstrable history of delivering exceptional service. Verify their qualifications and credentials to ensure their competence aligns with your industry’s demands. Analyze client reviews and testimonials to gauge their reputation, and compare their fee structure to those of other consultants to confirm you’re receiving value for your investment.

Scope of Services Provided by Tax Consultants in the UAE

Tax consultants in the UAE offer an extensive portfolio of services that encompasses tax planning, compliance, and representation. They assist enterprises in reducing tax obligations by identifying applicable deductions and credits, optimally structuring transactions, and ensuring strict adherence to tax laws and regulations. They facilitate the precise and timely preparation and filing of tax returns, and can act as advocates during interactions with tax authorities, which may include audits and investigations. Moreover, they furnish expert advice on intricate tax matters and help organizations to formulate tax-efficient strategies aligned with their overarching business goals.

Advantages of Engaging a Tax Consultant in Dubai

Contracting a tax consultant in Dubai offers myriad benefits. Primarily, these professionals assist businesses in lawfully minimizing tax liabilities and averting expensive penalties through compliance with UAE tax legislation. Their strategic tax planning advice empowers businesses to conduct their transactions and operations in a tax-efficient manner. By assuming responsibility for tax-related chores like tax return preparation and filing, they afford businesses the opportunity to concentrate on core operational tasks. Moreover, their representation during dealings with tax authorities ensures peace of mind and alleviates the stress commonly associated with such engagements.

Why Choose MP Elites Consulting for Your Tax Consultancy Needs in Dubai?

MP Elites Consulting is a preeminent tax consultancy firm in Dubai, boasting over three decades of experience in delivering premium tax services to businesses in the UAE. Our cadre of highly qualified and seasoned tax consultants possesses an in-depth comprehension of the UAE’s complex tax landscape. We offer a diverse range of tax services—spanning planning, compliance, and representation—that are customized to address the unique needs of our clientele. Committed to transparency and cost-effectiveness, clients can anticipate an exemplary level of professionalism and responsiveness from our team. With a stellar reputation and an unassailable track record of achieving outstanding results, MP Elites Consulting is your optimal choice for dependable and skilled tax consultancy services in Dubai.

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Does the UAE Corporate Tax Apply Across All Emirates?

Yes, the UAE Corporate Tax is a federal mandate and is therefore uniformly applicable across all the Emirates.

Who is Subject to the UAE Corporate Tax?

With the exception of enterprises involved in natural resource exploitation—which are subject to Emirate-specific corporate taxes—the UAE Corporate Tax is applicable to all companies and commercial activities operating within the United Arab Emirates.

Is the UAE Corporate Tax Applicable to Foreign Companies and Individuals?

The UAE Corporate Tax will be levied on foreign companies and individuals only if they engage in continuous or routine commercial operations within the United Arab Emirates.

How Can One Determine if an Entity Qualifies as a 'Company' for UAE Corporate Tax Purposes?

Eligibility for UAE Corporate Tax is typically determined by whether the individual or entity holds, or is required to obtain, a business license or authorization for the pertinent commercial, industrial, or professional activities within the UAE.

What Constitutes an 'Enterprise' Under the UAE Corporate Tax Jurisdiction?

Any activities conducted by a legal entity that can be categorized as ‘business activities’ are deemed to fall under the purview of the UAE Corporate Tax.

How is the Taxable Revenue for UAE Corporate Tax Calculated?

The taxable income is calculated based on the accounting net profit or income of the company, post-adjustments for specific criteria as outlined in the UAE Corporate Tax legislation. The disclosed amount in the financial statements, prepared in accordance with globally recognized accounting standards, serves as the accounting net profit or income for the firm.

Will Investment in UAE Real Estate Be Subject to UAE Corporate Tax?

Individuals investing in real estate in the UAE, who are not required to obtain a commercial or business license for such activities, are generally exempt from the UAE Corporate Tax.

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